art galleries

   Art galleries and museums, particularly after 1980, have formed some of the most exciting and controversial examples of postwar architecture in Britain. They form part of a global burgeoning of architecture commissioned to serve cultural purposes. The reasons for this expansion are complex and diverse, ranging from the changing functions and purposes of these institutions, the democrati-zation of culture, the interest in heritage, tourism and changes in the funding mechanisms designed to support cultural activities. Diane Ghirardo (1996) identifies four types of museum— as shrine, as warehouse, as cultural shopping mall and as spectacle—in addition to other solutions. The Tate Gallery has provided some of the most interesting developments, beginning with the Clore Gallery (1980–5), designed by Stirling Wilford Associates. The decision to decentralize its collections led to the Tate Gallery, Liverpool, (1988) by Stirling Wilford and the Tate Gallery, St Ives, (1991–3) by Evans and Shalev (see Tate(s)). Hertzog and De Meuron’s designs to transform Bankside Power Station into the Museum of Modern Art are now well advanced. Similarly, the Design Museum (1987–9), designed by Conran Roche, forms part of the revitalization of the docklands area of London. The Sainsbury Wing of the National Gallery (1988–91), has proved to be one of the most controversial commissions, eliciting condemnation by the Prince of Wales as a ‘monstrous carbuncle’ on the face of a ‘much loved friend’. The winning competition entry by Venturi, Scott Brown and Associates witnesses their belief that ambiguity and complexity in architecture are best suited to the contemporary context. Other extensions to museums and art galleries include the Sackler Galleries, Royal Academy, (1989–91) by Foster Associates, and the Entertainment Pavilion, Hayward Gallery, (1994) by Allies and Morrison. The Natural History Museum boasts the Ecology Gallery (1991) by Ian Ritchie, the Dinosaur Gallery (1992) by Heron Associates, and Imagination and Wonders at the National History Museum (1993), by David Chipperfield. There have also been developments in the provinces, notably the Museum of Science and Industry in Manchester, designed by BDP in 1986, The Henry Moore Institute, Leeds (1993) designed by Jeremy Dixon in association with BDP, The Pump House: People’s History Museum, Manchester (1993) by OMI, and the Broadfield House Glass Museum, Glass Pavilion, Kingswinford, (1994) by Design Antenna.
   See also: St Ives; Tate(s)
   Further reading
    Ghirardo, D. (1996) Architecture After Modernism, London: Thames & Hudson.
    Papadakis, A.C. (1991) New Museology, An Art and Design Profile, London: Academy Editions.
   HILARY GRAINGER

Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture . . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • art galleries — (private, commercial) Up until the mid 1990s, there were very few private or commercial contemporary art galleries in China, with the majority of buyers being expatriates from the diplomatic and journalistic communities, as well as patrons from… …   Encyclopedia of Contemporary Chinese Culture

  • art galleries and art museums — In Britain, works of art are displayed in art galleries and, especially outside London, in museums. Shops that sell paintings are also called galleries. In the US public art collections are displayed in art museums, and a gallery is a place where …   Universalium

  • Art galleries, centres and collections in Ireland — This is a list of public art galleries, centres and collections on the island of Ireland arranged by county and city/town. Links to external sites are given as an aid to anyone wanting to created articles for these entries.County… …   Wikipedia

  • Ontario Association of Art Galleries — The Ontario Association of Art Galleries (OAAG) was established in 1968 to encourage development of public art galleries, art museums, community galleries and related visual arts organizations in Ontario, Canada. It was incorporated in Ontario in …   Wikipedia

  • List of museums and art galleries in Bangkok — Bangkok is home to the National Gallery of Thailand as well as many museums, and art galleries.*Vimanmek Palace Museum *Varadis Palace Museum *Plai Nern Palace Museum *Phayathai Palace Museum *Ananda Samakhom Throne Hall *King Prajadhipok Museum… …   Wikipedia

  • List of museums and art galleries in Rajasthan — Below is a list of museums and art galleries in Rajasthan, India:*Pilani Birla Museum *Ajmer Government Museum *Alwar Government Museum *Amer (Jaipur) Archaeological Museum *Bairat Virat Nagar Museum *Bharatpur Covernaient Museum *Fort Museum,… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Cincinnati art galleries — Cincinnati has a number of fine art repositories, including: ADC Fine Art http://adcfineart.com large gallery, private events, local art Carl Solway Gallery http://www.solwaygallery.com/ work by major contemporary artists Malton Gallery… …   Wikipedia

  • Manchester City Art Galleries — 53°28′43″N 2°14′29″O / 53.47861, 2.24139 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • art district or arts district —    A section of a community in which art galleries are situated near other art galleries, art museums, theaters, and music halls …   Glossary of Art Terms

  • Art Academy of Cincinnati — Motto Make Art, Make a Difference Established 1869 Type Private college of art, design and art h …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.